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Shiraz. The peak of culture, the heart of art - Onviga
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Shiraz. The peak of culture, the heart of art

Shiraz, Iran, Eram Gardens, Persia

The beautiful city of Shiraz is known as the cultural capital of Persia. The outstanding culture and marvellous art of Shiraz is what gave it its reputation. The locals have many names for their city such as “the city of flowers and nightingales” and “the city of art”. Shiraz has a lot of sites and historical places to visit. From gardens and museums to bazaars and mosques. Here is a list of the most famous sites in Shiraz.

Outside the town

Pasargad: Pasargad is the first capital of the Achaemenian empire, and is situated 130 km to the northeast of Shiraz. This place was structured by the order of Cyrus the great and today is a UNESCO world heritage. Pasargad features the remains of once magnificent royal palaces and gardens. Here you can also see the tomb of Cyrus the great.

Persepolis: also goes by “Takht e Jamshid”. This UNESCO world heritage site is in 60 km northeast of Shiraz. This place is the ruins of what used to be the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire back in 515 BCE. persepolis is a magnificent example of the Achaemenid style of architecture.

Naqsh e Rustam: this site is located at 6 km northwest of Persepolis and holds the remains of four Achaemenid kings including Darius the great. In addition, Naqsh e Rustam features Sasanian rock reliefs that show the glory of the powerful empire who once ruled over Persia.

Margoon falls: the largest waterfall in Iran, with the height of 70m and width of 100m, is located 48 km from the city of Ardakan and near the city of Sepidan in Fars province. The name Margoon means “snake-like” in the Farsi language.

Historical places

Arg of Karimkhan: this citadel was built by the order of Karim Khan Zand as a part of a complex. The name is after Karim Khan Zand, the founder of zand dynasty. He used the best architects in Iran to build this as his living quarters. During the Qajar period this place was used as the governor's seatbut after the fall of Qajar, it was turned into a prison.

Vakil mosque: this mosque was built during the Zand dynasty in 1773 and 1773 and is in the west of vakil bazaar next to its entrance. This place was restored in the Qajar period. The name vakil in Persian means “agent” or “attorney”

Vakil bath: this old Iranian public bath was a part of the royal district during Karim Khan Zand reign. This bath is a perfect representation of architectural developments in zand dynasty. Its located in the center of Shiraz by the direct order of Karim Khan Zand. The interesting ceiling will force the visitors to walk around with their head held high.

Atiq Jame mosque: Atiq Jame mosque is the oldest mosque in Shiraz and is in the east of Shah Cheragh Shrine. The famous attractions of this mosque are nodbeh wall and Khodaye khane.

Tomb of Hafez: this place is a small dome-like structure built as a memorial for the Persians beloved poet, Hafez Shirazi. This place was built in 1452 near Hafez's grave.

Tomb of Saadi: this place is a tomb and mausoleum built for a Persian poet Saadi in the 13th century. The tomb was built for Saadi by shams Al-din Juvani.

Quran gate: being a historic gate at the northeastern entrance of Shiraz, this place has sustained a lot of damage, when it was restored a small room was added on top of it where they kept handwritten Quran. It is believed that the travellers passing underneath will receive a blessing from the holy book as they begin their journey in Shiraz.

Best gardens

Eram garden: this garden is Iran's most famous historic garden that was built in the middle of the 13th century but was enhanced significantly during the Qajar dynasty. This garden is home to a variety of unique and rare plants. Narenjestan Ghavam: this garden dates to the Qajar era and its construction took from 1257 AH to 1300 AH. this place is a big example of the elegance and the refinement of upper-class families in the 19th century.

Delgosha garden: it's a historical garden near the tomb of Saadi. In Safavid dynasty, it used to be one of the most famous gardens in Shiraz. This 7.5-hectare garden mostly has citrus trees like the orange tree and sour orange tree. Sadis tomb canal passes through this garden.

Afif Abad garden: this garden is a museum complex in Shiraz and is one of the oldest gardens in Shiraz. This garden was built in 1863. It features a former royal mansion, a Persian garden, and a historical weapon museum.

Jahan Nama garden: Jahan Nama is one of the oldest gardens in Shiraz and was made by the order of Karim Khan Zand. The garden is located near Shiraz’s main entrance Quran gate in Hafez street. It was built in the 13th century but most of the present designs were made in the 18th century.

Best museums

Khane Zinat-Ol Molk: this house used to be the private quarters of the Ghavam complex. It was built in Lotfali khan st. next to Narenjestan Ghavam, it features the unique architecture of Qajar era. The basement is a museum with wax sculptures of famous people from ancient era in Fars to recent  times in real size.

Pars museum: the museum is placed inside of a garden name Nazar garden. This place was used to host royal guests and hold official ceremonies back in zand dynasty and is also the burial place of Karim Khan Zand.

Meshkinfam museum: this museum is also known as Forough al Molk house and belonged to the Qajar family. This house is almost a century old and is located to the old Shiraz neighbourhood called the black stone (Sang e Siah). This museum features hundreds of art pieces collected by Meshkinfam family.

The stone (Haft Tanan) museum: another historical place made by Karim Khan Zand. This place is located at the foot of the Chehel maqam mountain and features seven tombs for seven religious philosophers which are where the name comes from. Nowadays this place is used as a rock and inscription museum.

Looking for feedback

Now, after everything that we said about this beautiful city, we would like to know what you think about this city? Would you ever travel to Shiraz? Where would you visit first? What is the most exciting thing you found out about this city?